The Constants of Astrogation

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1. The Speed of Light:

                      

2. The Astronomical Unit: Originally astronomers defined the astronomical unit as the length of the semi-major axis of Earth's orbit.  In 1976 the International Astronomical Union redefined it as the radius of a perfectly circular, unperturbed orbit on which a particle of negligible mass in free fall would need precisely 365.2568983 siderial days to go around it once.  It has its most precise value as 149,597,870.691 meters.

                       

3. The Lightyear:

                        

4. One Gee:

                           

5. The Sun's Gravitational Constant: (for other stars, multiply by the star's mass expressed as a multiple of Sol's mass)

                    

6. Earth's Gravitational Constant: (for other planets, multiply by the planet's mass expressed as a multiple of Earth's mass)

                                   

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